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2020 04 01

Brain Res


Chemical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus induces antiallodynic and anti-thermal hyperalgesic effects in animal model of neuropathic pain: Involvement of orexin receptors in the spinal cord.


To date several circuities in supraspinal site of the central nervous system have been known to engage in pain modulation. Lateral hypothalamus (LH) is known as part of the circuit of pain modulation among supraspinal sites. Its role in several animal pain models has been well defined. In this study, we examined the role of spinal orexin receptors in antinociceptive response elicited by the LH stimulation in an animal model of neuropathic pain. Male Wistar rats were unilaterally implanted with a cannula into the LH and a catheter into the L4-L5 segments of the spinal cord followed by chronic constriction injury (CCI) surgery. Intra-LH microinjection of carbachol (500 nM; 0.5μL) was done 5 min after intrathecal administration of the orexin receptor antagonists, SB-334867 or TCS OX2 29; control animals received DMSO. Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia were evaluated using von Frey filaments and a thermal stimulus. The results showed that carbachol induces antiallodynic and anti-thermal hyperalgesic effects in a dose-dependent manner. The antiallodynic and anti-thermal hyperalgesic effects induced by intra-LH injection of carbachol were reversed by intrathecal administration of 10μL of 100 nM solutions of SB-334867 or TCS OX2 in neuropathic rats. However, solely intrathecal administration of both antagonists had no effect in neuropathic rats. There appears to be a neural pathway from the LH to the spinal cord, which potentially contributes to the modulation of neuropathic pain. The implications are that there may be novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of people suffered from chronic neuropathic pain in clinic.