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2020 Feb 18

J Vet Med Sci



Effects of a single-bolus bupivacaine injection into the coccygeal spinal canal of rabbits.


Ong BHE, Hidaka Y, Kaneko Y, Yamamoto S, Mizutani S, Sekiguchi S, Torisu S, Naganobu K
J Vet Med Sci. 2020 Feb 18; 82(2):197-203.
PMID: 31969542.


It has been reported that drugs intended for epidural administration through the lumbosacral junction are accidentally administered into the subarachnoid space frequently in rabbits. Therefore, we evaluated the epidural single-bolus injection technique for the administration of bupivacaine into the coccygeal spinal canal of rabbits. After epidural distribution was confirmed by the injection of iohexol into the coccygeal spinal canal, 0.3 ml/kg 0.5% bupivacaine or 0.3 ml/kg normal saline was injected via the same needle. After the first attempt of iohexol injection, although the contrast was found in the epidural space in all rabbits, the additional contrast was also found in blood vessel in 3 rabbits and in muscular layer in 1 rabbit. Subarachnoid distribution was not observed in any of the rabbits. The time taken to regain normal anal reflex, movement of the hind limbs during walking, conscious proprioception of the hind limbs, and pain sensation of the tail and left hind limb, following coccygeal spinal canal injection, were significantly longer in the bupivacaine group than in the normal saline group. These findings indicated that coccygeal epidural injection of bupivacaine in rabbits may provide anesthesia for the hind limbs, perineum, and tail, but inadvertent vascular entry of the epidural drug may occur.