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Papers of the Week

2020 Jun

Int Wound J



Human Amniotic Membrane: A New Option for Graft Donor Sites – Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.


Abul A, Karam M, Rahman S
Int Wound J. 2020 Jun; 17(3):547-554.
PMID: 31972902.


There are currently no standardised guidelines on the optimum dressing used for graft donor sites. The aim was to compare the outcomes of human amniotic membrane (HAM) vs routine dressings in split-thickness skin graft (STSG) donor site healing. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed and a search of electronic information was conducted to identify all randomised controlled trials comparing the outcomes of HAM vs routine dressings in STSG donor sites. Wound healing and infection rate were primary outcome measures. Secondary outcome measures included severity of pain, discharge from donor site, the number of dressing changes, pruritus, and comfort. Fixed effect modelling was used for the analysis. Four studies enrolling 157 patients were identified. There was a significant difference between HAM and routine groups with wound healing time (P < .0001) and proportion of wounds healed by day 12 (P = .01). There was no significant difference between the two groups in infection rates (P = .27). For all secondary outcomes, HAM had improved results. HAM dressings are a superior option when compared with routine dressings used in current clinical practice for STSG donor sites as they improve wound healing and do not increase the infection rate.