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Papers of the Week

2020 Feb 01

Chem Biol Interact


Effect of m-trifluoromethyl-diphenyl diselenide on acute and subchronic animal models of inflammatory pain: Behavioral, biochemical and molecular insights.


Araujo P C O, Sari M H M, Jardim N S, Jung J T K, Brüning C A
Chem Biol Interact. 2020 Feb 01; 317:108941.
PMID: 31926916.


m-Trifluoromethyl-diphenyl diselenide [(m-CF-PhSe)] is an organoselenium molecule that displays multiple pharmacological actions, including the antinociceptive effect. The current study investigated the (m-CF-PhSe) restorative properties in models of acute and chronic inflammatory pain induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Male adult Swiss mice received an intraplantar injection of CFA in the hindpaw and 24 h (acute) or 14 days (subchronic) later they were treated with a single or repeated (m-CF-PhSe) schedule via intragastric route, respectively. The mechanical and thermal hypernociceptive behaviors were assessed by von Frey hair and hot plate tests. Samples of injected paw were collected to evaluate the tissue edema and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity while cerebral contralateral cortex samples were used to determine the inflammatory proteins content (subchronic protocol). The acute (m-CF-PhSe) administration (1 and 10 mg/kg) reduced the hypernociceptive behavior and both paw thickness and MPO activity induced by CFA injection. In the subchronic protocol, the repeated administration with a low effective dosage of (m-CF-PhSe) reduced the mechanical and thermal hypernociception as well as restored the edema and MPO activity in paw samples. In addition, the repeated treatment schedule mitigated the increase in TNF-α, IL-1β and COX-2 content in cerebral contralateral cortex induced by CFA injection. Collectively, these data showed that (m-CF-PhSe) presents anti-inflammatory properties, which could be mediated by an interplay between peripheral and central mechanisms of action, reinforcing the potential biological properties of the compound.