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Papers of the Week

2020 Apr

Reprod Toxicol


Can maternal exposure to paracetamol impair reproductive parameters of male rat offspring?


Rangel Ferro Pereira M, Aleixo J F, de Freitas Cavalcanti L, Orlandini Costa N, Leivas Vieira M, Scalianti Ceravolo G, Gastaldello Moreira E, Ceccatto Gerardin D C
Reprod Toxicol. 2020 Apr; 93:68-74.
PMID: 31926975.


Paracetamol is a widely used medication during gestation and lactation periods for the treatment of pain and fever. Several studies have shown that exposure to paracetamol can increase the incidence of cryptorchidism and decrease testosterone production. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate if maternal treatment with paracetamol during gestation and gestation/lactation periods can alter reproductive and behavioral parameters in male offspring. Female Wistar rats were treated daily by gavage with water or paracetamol (350 mg/kg/day) during gestation (CTRG and PARG) or gestation/lactation periods (CTRGL and PARGL). There were significant differences in histomorphometry (increased volume and total length of the seminiferous tubules) and weight of testes (PARG group) and copulatory behavior and testosterone levels (PARG and PARGL groups) at PND 120. Therefore, the present study showed that maternal exposure to paracetamol has an impact on the reproductive system and sexual behavior of male adult offspring suggesting an impaired in sexual hypothalamic differentiation at the beginning of the development of the brain.