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Papers of the Week

Papers: 4 Jan 2020 - 10 Jan 2020

Animal Studies

2020 01




Sensitization of small-diameter sensory neurons is controlled by TRPV1 and TRPA1 association.


Patil MJ, Salas M, Bialuhin S, Boyd JT, Jeske NA, Akopian AN
FASEB J. 2020 01; 34(1):287-302.
PMID: 31914619.


Unique features of sensory neuron subtypes are manifest by their distinct physiological and pathophysiological functions. Using patch-clamp electrophysiology, Ca imaging, calcitonin gene-related peptide release assay from tissues, protein biochemistry approaches, and behavioral physiology on pain models, this study demonstrates the diversity of sensory neuron pathophysiology is due in part to subtype-dependent sensitization of TRPV1 and TRPA1. Differential sensitization is influenced by distinct expression of inflammatory mediators, such as prostaglandin E (PGE), bradykinin (BK), and nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as multiple kinases, including protein kinase A (PKA) and C (PKC). However, the co-expression and interaction of TRPA1 with TRPV1 proved to be the most critical for differential sensitization of sensory neurons. We identified N- and C-terminal domains on TRPV1 responsible for TRPA1-TRPV1 (A1-V1) complex formation. Ablation of A1-V1 complex with dominant-negative peptides against these domains substantially reduced the sensitization of TRPA1, as well as BK- and CFA-induced hypersensitivity. These data indicate that often occurring TRP channel complexes regulate diversity in neuronal sensitization and may provide a therapeutic target for many neuroinflammatory pain conditions.