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Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 Dec 2019 - 20 Dec 2019

2020 02

Alcohol Clin Exp Res



Alcohol and Pain: A Translational Review of Preclinical and Clinical Findings to Inform Future Treatment Strategies.


Edwards S, Vendruscolo LF, Gilpin NW, Wojnar M, Witkiewitz K
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2020 02; 44(2):368-383.
PMID: 31840821.


Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and chronic pain are enduring and devastating conditions that share an intersecting epidemiology and neurobiology. Chronic alcohol use itself can produce a characteristic painful neuropathy, while the regular analgesic use of alcohol in the context of nociceptive sensitization and heightened affective pain sensitivity may promote negative reinforcement mechanisms that underlie AUD maintenance and progression. The goal of this review is to provide a broad translational framework that communicates research findings spanning preclinical and clinical studies, including a review of genetic, molecular, behavioral, and social mechanisms that facilitate interactions between persistent pain and alcohol use. We also consider recent evidence that will shape future investigations into novel treatment mechanisms for pain in individuals suffering from AUD.