Because nitric oxide could play an important role in the pathogenesis of migraine (suggested by experimental, neuropathological, biochemical, and pharmacological data), and a recent meta-analysis showed an association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2070744 in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS or NOS3) gene (chromosome 7q36.1) and the risk for migraine in Caucasians, we attempted to replicate the possible association between this SNP and the and the risk for migraine in the Caucasian Spanish population. The frequencies for the NOS3 rs2070744 genotypes and allelic variants were assessed in 283 migraine patients and 287 healthy controls with a TaqMan-based qPCR Assay. The putative influence on genotype frequency of age at onset of migraine attacks, gender, family history of migraine, absence or presence of aura, and triggering of migraine attacks by ethanol, were also analyzed. The frequencies of NOS3 rs2070744 genotypes and allelic variants were not associated with the risk for migraine (OR [95%] CI for the minor allele = 0.91 [0.72-1.15]) and were not influenced by age at onset of migraine, gender, presence of aura, or triggering of migraine attacks by ethanol. NOS3 rs2070744CC genotypes were significantly more frequent in patients with a family history of migraine. NOS3 rs2070744 SNP is not associated with the risk for migraine in Caucasian Spanish people although it might be related to family history.