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Papers of the Week

2020 Mar

J Oral Maxillofac Surg



Endoscopic Infraorbital Microdissection for Localized V2 Trigeminal Neuralgia.


Ward M, Majmundar N, Mammis A, Paskhover B
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2020 Mar; 78(3):374.e1-374.e7.
PMID: 31751521.


Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic and debilitating syndrome characterized by short paroxysms of lancinating facial pain. Patients may be medically managed; however, in cases of medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia, surgical management is often required. Our objective was to present and describe a technique for endoscopic microdissection of the infraorbital nerve, a peripheral method of management for refractory V2 trigeminal neuralgia in patients without evidence of neurovascular compression. The technique is designed to spare sensation in unaffected portions of the V2 distribution. We present 2 patients with medically refractory V2 trigeminal neuralgia localized to the lateral midface who underwent infraorbital microdissection. After first confirming that there was no neurovascular compression on imaging in these patients, we administered infraorbital bupivacaine injections to localize the symptomatic nerve. The nerve was then accessed via a 1.5-cm buccogingival incision, and the connective tissue sheath was incised. The nerve fascicles were bluntly separated, and the symptomatic branches were cauterized with fine-tipped monopolar cautery. Both patients reported complete resolution of their pain postoperatively and were pain free at last follow-up. They reported some hypoesthesia in the lateral face; however, they retained some sensation in the medial upper lip, midface, and nose. Infraorbital microdissection is a safe and effective technique for symptomatic management of V2 trigeminal neuralgia while sparing sensation in asymptomatic portions of the dermatome.