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Papers of the Week

2019 Nov 22

Physiol Res


Suppl 1

Epidural analgesia with sufentanil in relation to OPRM1 and ABCB1 polymorphisms.


Bartošová O, Polanecký O, Šachl R, Štenglová Netíková I, Perlík F, Adámek S, Lischke R, Slanař O
Physiol Res. 2019 Nov 22; 68(Suppl 1):S59-S64.
PMID: 31755291.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between OPRM1 and ABCB1 polymorphisms on pain relief with epidural sufentanil in 69 patients after rectosigma resection for cancer. The median number of injections (SD) 2.31 (1.36), IQR=1, required by 118AA subjects was significantly lower in comparison with 118AG group 5.25 (3.13), IQR=6.5, (chi(2)=9.75, p=0.001); correspondingly median drug consumption of 1.16 (0.79), IQR=1.083, defined daily doses (DDD) was significantly less in the 118AA group in comparison with 2.14 (1.17), IQR=2.23, DDD in 118AG subjects, (chi(2)=7.00, p=0.008). Opioid-induced adverse effects were observed in 15 % and 33 % of patients in 118AA and 118AG groups, respectively (chi(2)=8.16, p=0.004). The median number of injections (SD) required by women and men was 3.30 (2.16), IQR=2, and 2.80 (1.59), IQR=1, respectively (chi(2)=6.25, p=0.012). Opioid-induced adverse effects were observed in 26 % and 12 % of women and men, respectively (chi(2)=5.49, p=0.011). Heterozygotes of OPRM1 polymorphism and women were more difficult to treat subpopulations that required higher doses of rescue analgesic medication and suffered more adverse effects.