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Papers of the Week

2020 Mar

J Infect Chemother



Pyogenic spondylitis with acute course caused by Corynebacterium simulans.


Ogasawara M, Matsuhisa T, Kondo T, Oshima R, Sugiura F, Niwa T, Ando Y, Sato M, Sato J, Kohri S
J Infect Chemother. 2020 Mar; 26(3):294-297.
PMID: 31735633.


Corynebacterium simulans was first reported in 2000. Although it is a member of the normal skin flora, some cases of C. simulans infection have been reported. Other Corynebacterium spp. rarely cause chronic pyogenic spondylitis, and pyogenic spondylitis caused by C. simulans has not been reported at all. Here we report a case of acute pyogenic spondylitis due to C. simulans. A 78-year-old man with diabetes mellitus visited our hospital with a 3-day history of lower back pain and fever. Blood culture revealed C. simulans and magnetic resonance images of lumbar vertebrae showed pyogenic spondylitis. He recovered after treatment by vancomycin for 9 weeks and was discharged home. No recurrence has been observed for half a year. This is likely the first reported case of pyogenic spondylitis by C. simulans. In general, Corynebacterium spp. cause chronic pyogenic spondylitis, but this case showed an acute course.