I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2019 Dec 10

Stem Cell Reports



Adult Human Dermal Progenitor Cell Transplantation Modulates the Functional Outcome of Split-Thickness Skin Xenografts.


Agabalyan NA, Sparks HD, Tarraf S, Rosin NL, Anker K, Yoon G, Burnett LN, Nickerson D, Di Martino ES, Gabriel VA, Biernaskie J
Stem Cell Reports. 2019 Dec 10; 13(6):1068-1082.
PMID: 31735655.


Following full-thickness skin injuries, epithelialization of the wound is essential. The standard of care to achieve this wound "closure" in patients is autologous split-thickness skin grafting (STSG). However, patients living with STSGs report significant chronic impairments leading to functional deficiencies such as itch, altered sensation, fragility, hypertrophic scarring, and contractures. These features are attributable to the absence of functional dermis combined with the formation of disorganized fibrotic extracellular matrix. Recent work has demonstrated the existence of dermal progenitor cells (DPCs) residing within hair follicles that function to continuously regenerate mesenchymal tissue. The present work examines whether cultured DPCs could regenerate dermis within an STSG and improve overall graft function. Adult human DPCs were transplanted into a full-thickness skin wound in immune-compromised mice and closed with a human STSG. At 3 months, human DPCs (hDPCs) had successfully integrated into the xenograft and differentiated into various regionally specified phenotypes, improving both viscoelastic properties of the graft and mitigating pruritus.