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Papers of the Week

2018 Oct.-Dec.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ)



Minimal Invasive Gynaecological Surgeries in Dhulikhel Hospital: One and Half Decade Long Experience.


Tamrakar SR, Dongol A, Shakya S, Kayastha B
Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ). 2018 Oct.-Dec.; 16(64):333-337.
PMID: 31729349.


Background One of the greatest achievements in the surgical fields is the paradigm shift from open surgery to minimal invasive surgery. Dhulikhel Hospital is one of the very few institutions in Nepal where minimal invasive gynaecological surgeries are being regularly performed since early years of its establishment. There are very few publications related to experiences of minimal invasive gynaecological surgeries published in Nepal. Objective To review the varieties of minimal invasive gynaecological surgeries and find out the different milestones those were crossed in this field. Method This is retrospective study of minimal invasive gynaecological surgeries performed from January 1, 2004 to June 30, 2018. Result A total of 1849 cases were performed by mid 2018. Almost half of the cases were of Brahmin/Chhetri caste (49.9%). Mean age of the patients who underwent gynaecological minimal invasive surgeries in DH was 36.70±10.60 years (with range 12-81 years). More than half of the patients were from Kavre (58.2%). Abnormal uterine bleeding, ovarian lesions and chronic pelvic pain were the most common indications for these procedures. Among these procedures, hysteroscopy (769 cases), diagnostic laparoscopy with or without chromotubation (385 cases), operative laparoscopy (419 cases) and LAVH/TLH (242 cases) were performed. In this study, 34 minimal invasive surgeries cases (1.8%) were converted to laparotomy for certain reasons. Of them eight cases were of laparoscopic hysterectomies. Only very few major and minor complications were experienced during this period. Conclusion Varieties of minimal invasive surgeries for various gynaecological problems were performed with minimal complications. We scaled up these minimal invasive surgeries over the period.