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Papers of the Week

2019 Oct

J Clin Orthop Trauma


Suppl 1

Leukocyte-rich PRP versus leukocyte-poor PRP The role of monocyte/macrophage function in the healing cascade.


Lana J F, Huber S C, Purita J, Tambeli CH, Santos G S, Paulus C, Annichino-Bizzacchi JM
J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2019 Oct; 10(Suppl 1):S7-S12.
PMID: 31700202.


The mechanism of action of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is thought to be related to the biomolecules present in α-granules. However, for the healing process to occur, an inflammatory phase is also deemed necessary. Leukocytes present in the inflammatory phase release both pro- and anti-inflammatory molecules. The latter may play an important role in the process of "inflammatory regeneration". Thus, we propose that in the context of healing, both platelets and leukocytes play an important role, specifically due to the macrophage's plasticity to switch from the M1 to M2 fraction. Therefore, we propose that PRP products derived from the buffy coat may be more beneficial than detrimental from a standpoint of the regenerative potential of PRP.