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Papers of the Week

2021 Feb

Aging Ment Health



Examining emotional intelligence in older adults with chronic pain: a factor analysis approach.


Condon SE, Parmelee PA, Smith DM
Aging Ment Health. 2021 Feb; 25(2):213-218.
PMID: 31621378.


The current study explored whether the three-factor structure of an emotional intelligence measure (attention to emotions, clarity in understanding emotions, and emotion regulation) developed in a sample of college students would replicate in a sample of older adults with chronic pain. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were conducted to examine the factor structure of the 30-item Trait Meta-Mood Scale among 340 older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the original three-factor model of emotional intelligence did not fit well with the data for older adults. Exploratory factor analyses revealed a four-factor model of emotional intelligence: (1) confusion, (2) acceptance, (3) rejection, and (4) insight. Correlations between the original and new subscales were explored. While the newly derived emotional intelligence scales resembled the original conceptualization of emotional intelligence proposed by Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey, and Palfai ( 1995 ), the current study highlights the differences in emotional intelligence likely representative of older adults with chronic pain.