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Papers of the Week

2019 Jul-Sep

Anesth Essays Res



Dexamethasone versus Hyaluronidase as an Adjuvant to Local Anesthetics in the Ultrasound-guided Hydrodissection of the Median Nerve for the Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Patients.


Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common focal entrapment neuropathies. Although the exact etiology remains unclear, high-pressure-related intracarpal tunnel compression of the median nerve (MN), progressing ischemia, and mechanical strangulation are common mechanisms. The therapeutic managements for CTS depend on the disease severity, varying from a conservative treatment to surgical interventions. Conservative treatment is helpful for most of the patients with mild-to-moderate CTS. Hydrodissection is a minimally invasive procedure of injecting solutions into some anatomical spaces to facilitate dissection and adhesiolysis. Steroids as an anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat chronic pain conditions. Hyaluronidase as an adhesolysis agent can also be used for epidural injections with local anesthetics (LAs) and steroids for control of chronic back pain.