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Pain Res Manag


Curcumin Protects Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells against HO-Induced Cell Injury.


Ouyang J, Li R, Shi H, Zhong J
Pain Res Manag. 2019; 2019:3173149.
PMID: 31565108.


Migraine is a prevalent neurological disorder which causes a huge economic burden on society. It is thought to be a neurovascular disease with oxidative stress might be involved. Curcumin, one of the major ingredients of turmeric, has potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, but whether it could be used as a potential treatment for migraine remains to be explored. In the present study, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were pretreated with various concentrations of curcumin (0 M, 10 M, 20 M, 30 M, 40 M, and 50 M) for 12 h, thereby exposed to HO (100 M) for another 12 h. The viability of HUVECs was tested by the CCK-8 assay, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes including superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) were also examined. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were assayed to determine HO-induced oxidative stress. In addition, several cell death-related genes (p53, p21, Bax, and Bcl-2) were detected by PCR, and an apoptosis-related protein (caspase3) was evaluated by western blotting. Our results showed that curcumin improved the HO-induced decrease of cell viability and antioxidative enzyme activities and decreased the level of oxidative stress. As a conclusion, curcumin could mitigate HO-induced oxidative stress and cell death in HUVECs and may be a potential therapeutic drug for migraine.