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Papers of the Week

2019 Jul-Aug

Georgian Med News




Halushko O, Synytsyn M
Georgian Med News. 2019 Jul-Aug(292-293):11-16.
PMID: 31560655.


The goal: to study the influence of various methods of analgesia on the state of postoperative anesthesia in patients after thoracotomy; compare the quantity of narcotic analgesics (morphine) used in different types of anesthesia and anesthesia related complications. In 85 patients after thoracotomy, anesthesia was performed by prolonged paravertebral analgesia (PVA) (19 patients), by prolonged epidural analgesia (EDA) (36 patients) with 0.2% solution of rapamycain and by an intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with a morphine solution in the control group (30 patients). In all three groups, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) ketorolac tromethamine was used intramuscularly. The evaluation was performed within 3 days after surgery using the visual analog scale (VAS). In the PVA group, the pain level was 29.1 points four hours after surgery to 18.7 points at the end of the third day; in the EDA group – from 24.2 to 20.3 points, respectively; in the control group – from 48.8 to 38.0 points, respectively. The need for morphine administration within the first day after surgery was the highest in the control group and was 42.83±13.23 mg/day. In experimental groups, the need for morphine was 15.0±5.0 mg/day in the EDA group and 16.15±5.38 mg/day in the PVA group. The greatest number of complications was observed in the control group and was associated with the use of morphine. The method of anesthesia associated with the use of PVA was accompanied by the least amount of complications. In terms of the effectiveness of analgesia and the amount of narcotic analgesic used, it was comparable to EDA. Patients of this group least often developed chronic postoperative pain syndrome. PVA may be a priority for postoperative pain management in patients after thoracotomy.