Dysphagia is a common symptom and can be indicative of a variety of heterogeneous diseases. "Classical" diseases of the head and neck region, such as acute tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscesses, diverticula, and benign or malignant tumors are common causes of dysphagia. However, it can also occur in the context of neurological diseases, e.g., as a result of stroke or as an age-related phenomenon (presbyphagia). Pathologies of the cervical spine can also be a cause of dysphagia. In this context, congenital or acquired diseases, inflammatory or degenerative processes, cervical spine surgery, and (malignant) masses of the cervical spine should be taken into account. Particular dysphagia with a positive history of previous operative interventions on the cervical spine or symptoms such as chronic back pain and trauma should give rise to consideration of a cervical spine-related cause.