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Papers of the Week

Papers: 7 Sep 2019 - 13 Sep 2019

Human Studies

2019 Nov

J Dermatol



Association of rs3783641 single-nucleotide polymorphism in GTP cyclohydrolase 1 gene with post-herpetic neuralgia.


Zheng N-N, Zhang R-C, Yang X-X, Zhong L-S
J Dermatol. 2019 Nov; 46(11):993-997.
PMID: 31486149.


Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a well-established clinical problem with potential severe personal and socioeconomic implications. GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) gene, which encodes the rate-limiting enzyme in tetrahydrobiopterin synthesis, has been strongly implicated to be associated with neuropathic pain in previous animal and human studies. The rs3783641 (T > A) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the GCH1 gene is functional. Here we examine the association between rs3783641 and PHN. A total of 292 subjects including 103 PHN patients, 87 herpes zoster (HZ) patients and 102 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The rs3783641 polymorphisms were detected via the high-resolution melting curve (HRM) method. There were statistical differences between PHN group and the other two groups in genotype distribution (P = 0.029 and 0.017, respectively) and allele frequency (P = 0.032 and 0.005, respectively) of rs3783641. The proportion of subjects with AA genotype in the PHN group was significantly lower compared to HZ group and control group (P = 0.026 and 0.016, respectively). The frequency of A allele was lower in the PHN group than in control group (P = 0.005), and the frequency of T allele in the PHN group was higher than in HZ group and control group (P = 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). The results of this study suggest that the rs3783641 SNP in the GCH1 gene is associated with PHN, and the AA genotype showed a protective effect in PHN.