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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Aug 2019 - 16 Aug 2019

Human Studies


2019 Dec




Dynamic functional connectivity of migraine brain: a resting-state fMRI study.


Lee M J, Park B-Y, Cho S, Park H, Kim S-T, Chung C-S
Pain. 2019 Dec; 160(12):2776-2786.
PMID: 31408050.


Migraine headache is an episodic phenomenon, and patients with episodic migraine have ictal (headache), peri-ictal (premonitory, aura, and postdrome), and interictal (asymptomatic) phases. We aimed to find the functional characteristics of migraine brain regardless of headache phase using dynamic functional connectivity analysis. We prospectively recruited 50 patients with migraine and 50 age- and sex-matched controls. All subjects underwent a resting-state functional MRI. Significant networks were defined in a data-driven fashion from the interictal (>48 hours apart from headache phases) patients and matched controls (interictal dataset) and tested to ictal or peri-ictal patients and controls (ictal/peri-ictal dataset). Both static and dynamic analyses were used for the between-group comparison. A false discovery rate correction was performed. As a result, the static analysis did not reveal a network which was significant in both interictal and ictal/peri-ictal datasets. Dynamic analysis revealed significant between-group differences in seven brain networks in the interictal dataset, among which a frontoparietal network (controls > patients, p=0.0467), two brainstem networks (patients > controls, p=0.0467 and <0.001), and a cerebellar network (controls > patients, p=0.0408 and <0.001 in two states) remained significant in the ictal/peri-ictal dataset. Using these networks, migraine was classified with a sensitivity of 0.70 and specificity of 0.76 in the ictal/peri-ictal dataset. In conclusion, the dynamic connectivity analysis revealed more functional networks related to migraine than the conventional static analysis, suggesting a substantial temporal fluctuation in functional characteristics. Our data also revealed migraine-related networks which show significant difference regardless of headache phases between patients and controls.