Stauntonia brachyanthera Hand.-Mazz. (SB), reported as a traditional Chinese medicine, displays a wide spectrum of interesting bioactivities, such as anti-inflammatory and analgesia. It is noteworthy that anti-gout effects of the components in SB have been reported. Hence, this study contributes to the prediction of promising active compounds and mechanisms for the treatment of gout. The active compounds with better oral bioavailability, and drug-likeness of SB were selected for further investigation by the approach of network pharmacology, molecular docking, gene ontology (GO) analysis, and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, respectively. A total of 34 predicted targets and 98 compounds in SB were obtained. Sorted by structure types of compounds, phenylethanoid glycosides exhibited the best anti-gout activity, followed by phenolics and flavonoids. What's more, it was shown in the network analysis that Serine/threonine-protein kinase mTOR (mTOR), Mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 (MAPK12), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), Integrin alpha-4 (ITGA4) and Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG) were the key targets with intensely interaction, which should be attached more attention for further study. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that SB probably produced the anti-gout effects by synergistically regulating many biological pathways, such as MAPK signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, etc. In addition, C61, C67, C68 and C81 might be promising leading compounds with good molecular docking score. As a consequence, the active constituents and mechanisms based on data analysis were holistically illuminated, which was of vital importance to the development of new drugs for gout.