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Papers of the Week

Papers: 6 Jul 2019 - 12 Jul 2019

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2019 Jul 03

Int J Mol Sci



Carboplatin Enhances the Activity of Human Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 through the Cyclic AMP-Protein Kinase A-A-Kinase Anchoring Protein (AKAP) Pathways.


Miyano K, Shiraishi S, Minami K, Sudo Y, Suzuki M, Yokoyama T, Terawaki K, Nonaka M, Murata H, Higami Y, Uezono Y
Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Jul 03; 20(13).
PMID: 31277262.


Carboplatin, an anticancer drug, often causes chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (PN). Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), a non-selective cation channel, is a polymodal nociceptor expressed in sensory neurons. TRPA1 is not only involved in pain transmission, but also in allodynia or hyperalgesia development. However, the effects of TRPA1 on carboplatin-induced PN is unclear. We revealed that carboplatin induced mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia, and the pains observed in carboplatin-induced PN models were significantly suppressed by the TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 without a change in the level of TRPA1 protein. In cells expressing human TRPA, carboplatin had no effects on changes in intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]); however, carboplatin pretreatment enhanced the increase in [Ca] induced by the TRPA1 agonist, allyl isothiocyanate (AITC). These effects were suppressed by an inhibitor of protein kinase A (PKA). The PKA activator forskolin enhanced AITC-induced increase in [Ca] and carboplatin itself increased intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels. Moreover, inhibition of A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) significantly decreased the carboplatin-induced enhancement of [Ca] induced by AITC and improved carboplatin-induced mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia. These results suggested that carboplatin induced mechanical allodynia and cold hyperalgesia by increasing sensitivity to TRPA1 via the cAMP-PKA-AKAP pathway.