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Papers of the Week

2019 Sep

Ann Anat


How to visualize the innervation pattern in tendons: A methodical guide.


Blumer R, Boesmueller S, Gesslbauer B, Hirtler L, Bormann D, Streicher J, Mittermayr R
Ann Anat. 2019 Sep; 225:21-27.
PMID: 31195096.


Tendon pathologies are common and several data suggests that the peripheral nervous system is involved in this disorder. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is one of the pillars to characterize nervous structures and their implication in the pathogenesis of chronic tendon pain. Most commonly, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tendons are used for immunohistochemical characterization of the innervation. However, FFPE specimens exhibit major disadvantages: First, antigens (proteins) are masked and antigen retrieval is necessary to restore antigenicity. Second, FFPE specimens involve immunolabeling with enzyme-conjugated antibodies but this approach has limitations when multiple antigens are of interest simultaneously. Consequently, there is a demand in the orthopedic community for an alternative immunohistochemical approach to visualize tendon innervations.