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Papers: 18 May 2019 - 24 May 2019

2019 May

Medicine (Baltimore)



Current perspectives on the opioid crisis in the US healthcare system: A comprehensive literature review.


Stoicea N, Costa A, Periel L, Uribe A, Weaver T, Bergese SD
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 May; 98(20):e15425.
PMID: 31096439.


The administration of opioids has been used for centuries as a viable option for pain management. When administered at appropriate doses, opioids prove effective not only at eliminating pain but further preventing its recurrence in long-term recovery scenarios. Physicians have complied with the appropriate management of acute and chronic pain; however, this short or long-term opioid exposure provides opportunities for long-term opioid misuse and abuse, leading to addiction of patients who receive an opioid prescription and/or diversion of this pain medication to other people without prescription. Several reviews attempted to summarize the epidemiology and management of opioid misuse, this integrative review seeks to summarize the current literature related with responsible parties of this opioid abuse crisis and discuss potential associations between demographics (ethnicity, culture, gender, religion) and opioid accessibility, abuse and overdose.