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Papers of the Week

Papers: 18 May 2019 - 24 May 2019

Animal Studies

2019 Apr

Can J Vet Res



Osteoarthritic pain model influences functional outcomes and spinal neuropeptidomics: A pilot study in female rats.


Gervais J A, Otis C, Lussier B, Guillot M, Martel-Pelletier J, Pelletier J-P, Beaudry F, Troncy E
Can J Vet Res. 2019 Apr; 83(2):133-141.
PMID: 31097875.


Osteoarthritis, the leading cause of chronic joint pain, is studied through different animal models, but none of them is ideal in terms of reliability and translational value. In this pilot study of female rats, 3 surgical models of osteoarthritic pain, destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM), cranial cruciate ligament transection (CCLT), and the combination of both surgical models (COMBO) and 1 chemical model [intra-articular injection of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)] were compared for their impact on functional pain outcomes [static weight-bearing (SWB) and punctate tactile paw withdrawal threshold (PWT)] and spinal neuropeptides [substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), bradykinin (BK), and somatostatin (SST)]. Six rats were assigned to each model group and a sham group. Both the chemical model (MIA) and surgical COMBO model induced functional alterations in SWB and PWT, with the changes being more persistent in the surgical combination group. Both models also produced an increase in levels of pro-nociceptive and anti-nociceptive neuropeptides at different timepoints. Pain comparison with the MIA model showed the advantage of a surgical model, especially the combination of the DMM and CCLT models, whereas each surgical model alone only led to temporary functional alterations and no change in neuropeptidomics.