I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 May 2019 - 17 May 2019


Human Studies

2019 Nov

J Pain



The Effect of Induced and Chronic Pain on Attention.


Moore DJ, Meints SM, Lazaridou A, Johnson D, Franceschelli O, Cornelius M, Schreiber K, Edwards RR
J Pain. 2019 Nov; 20(11):1353-1361.
PMID: 31077797.


Pain has well established effects on attention. At present parallel literatures exist which have examined the effects of experimentally induced pain and consider cognitive performance in patients with chronic pain states. However, no study to date as attempted to examine the combined or differing effects of these two manifestations of pain in a single study. 24 participants with fibromyalgia (age 43.00, SD 28.28) and 26 healthy controls (age=36.07 SD=11.93) completed an n-back task, an attentional switching task, and a divided attention task, once during induced, moderately-intense pressure pain, and once without induced pain. Pain induction had selective effects on the n-back task, and an overall reduction in accuracy on the attentional switching task. Conversely, patients with fibromyalgia were selectively impaired in performance on the divided attention task. These data therefore suggest that the effects of pain are not summative and rather that the mechanisms that underlie the negative effects of pain on performance in acute and chronic states may differ. More research is needed to examine these mechanisms and how these negative effects can be ameliorated to treat cognitive symptoms in pain. Perspective: This article presents a study to examine the effects of an acute, induced pain model on cognitive performance in both fibromyalgia and healthy control populations. We established that the effects of acute and chronic pain on attention are different, suggesting different models need to be developed to understand these phenomena.