I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 Apr 2019 - 26 Apr 2019

Animal Studies

2019 06 01



HDAC2, but Not HDAC1, Regulates Kv1.2 Expression to Mediate Neuropathic Pain in CCI Rats.


Li Z, Guo Y, Ren X, Rong L, Huang M, Cao J, Zang W
Neuroscience. 2019 06 01; 408:339-348.
PMID: 31022463.


The expression of potassium ion channel subunit 1.2 (Kv1.2) in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) influences the excitability of neurons, which contributes to the induction and development of neuropathic pain (NPP); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the downregulation of Kv1.2 in NPP remain unknown. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are reported to attenuate the development of pain hypersensitivity in rats with NPP. Whether HDAC inhibitors contribute to regulation of Kv1.2 expression, and which specific HDAC subunit is involved in NPP, remain unexplored. In this study we established a chronic constrictive injury (CCI) model and used western blot, quantitative real-time PCR, immunostaining, intrathecal injection, and siRNA methods to explore which HDAC subunit is involved in regulating Kv1.2 expression to mediate NPP. Our results demonstrated that nerve injury led to upregulation of HDAC1 expression in the DRG, and of HDAC2 in the DRG and spinal cord. Double-labeling immunofluorescence histochemistry showed that Kv1.2 principally co-localized with HDAC2, but not HDAC1, in NF200-positive large neurons of the DRG. Intrathecal injection with the HDAC inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, attenuated mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and reversed the decreased expression of Kv1.2 in rats with CCI. Furthermore, treatment with HDAC2, but not HDAC1, siRNA also relieved mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and upregulated the Kv1.2 expression in this model. In vitro transfection of PC12 cells with HDAC2 and HDAC1 siRNA confirmed that only HDAC2 siRNA could regulate the expression of Kv1.2. These findings suggest that HDAC2, but not HDAC1, is involved in NPP through regulation of Kv1.2 expression.