Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a type of chronic neuropathic pain that is caused by peripheral nerve lesions that result from various conditions, including the compression of vessels, tumors and viral infections. MicroRNAs (miRs) are increasingly recognized as potential regulators of neuropathic pain. Previous evidence has demonstrated that miR-195 is involved in neuropathic pain, but the mechanism remains unclear. To investigate the pathophysiological role of miR-195 and Shh signaling in TN, persistent facial pain was induced by infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI-IoN), and facial pain responses were evaluated by Von Frey hairs. qPCR and Western blotting were used to determine the relative expression of miR-195 and Patched1, the major receptor of the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway, in the caudal brain stem at distinct time points after CCI-IoN. Here, we found that the expression of miR-195 was increased in a rat model of CCI-IoN. In contrast, the expression of Patched1 decreased significantly. Luciferase assays confirmed the binding of miR-195 to Patched1. In addition, the overexpression of miR-195 by an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v) administration of LV-miR-195 aggravated facial pain development, and this was reversed by upregulating the expression of Patched1. These results suggest that miR-195 is involved in the development of TN by targeting Patched1 in the Shh signaling pathway, thus regulating extracellular glutamate.