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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Apr 2019 - 19 Apr 2019

2019 Jun

Clin J Pain



The Opioid Wars-CON: The Risks of Opioids for Pain Management Outweigh the Benefits.



The entire field of medicine, not just anesthesiology, has grown comfortable with the risks posed by opioids; but these risks are unacceptably high. It is time for a dramatic paradigm shift. If used at all for acute or chronic pain management, they should be used only after consideration and maximizing the use of nonopioid pharmacologic agents, regional analgesia techniques, and nonpharmacologic methods. Opioids poorly control pain, their intraoperative use may increase the risk of recurrence of some types of cancer, and they have a large number of both minor and serious side effects. Furthermore, there are a myriad of alternative analgesic strategies that provide superior analgesia, decrease recovery time, and have fewer side effects and risks associated with their use. In this article the negative consequences of opioid use for pain, appropriate alternatives to opioids for analgesia, and the available evidence in pediatric populations for both are described.