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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Apr 2019 - 19 Apr 2019

Human Studies


2020 Oct

Brain Imaging Behav



Decreased grey matter volume in mTBI patients with post-traumatic headache compared to headache-free mTBI patients and healthy controls: a longitudinal MRI study.


Burrowes SAB, Rhodes C S, Meeker TJ, Greenspan JD, Gullapalli RP, Seminowicz DA
Brain Imaging Behav. 2020 Oct; 14(5):1651-1659.
PMID: 30980274.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in 1.7 million people annually and many patients go on to develop persistent disorders including post-traumatic headache (PTH). PTH is considered chronic if it continues past 3 months. In this study we aimed to identify changes in cerebral grey matter volume (GMV) associated with PTH in mild TBI patients. 50 mTBI patients (31 Non-PTH; 19 PTH) underwent MRI scans: within 10 days post-injury, 1 month, 6 months and 18 months. PTH was assessed at visit 4 by a post-TBI headache questionnaire. Healthy controls (n = 21) were scanned twice 6 months apart. Compared to non-PTH, PTH patients had decreased GMV across two large clusters described as the right anterior-parietal (p = 0.012) and left temporal-opercular (p = 0.027). Compared to healthy controls non-PTH patients had decreased GMV in the left thalamus (p = 0.047); PTH patients had decreased GMV in several extensive clusters: left temporal-opercular (p = 0.003), temporal-parietal (p = 0.041), superior frontal gyrus (p = 0.008) and right middle frontal/superior frontal gyrus (0.004) and anterior-parietal (p = 0.003). Differences between PTH and non-PTH patients were most striking at early time points. These early changes may be associated with an increased risk of PTH. Patients with these changes should be monitored for chronic PTH.