Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in not only motor dysfunction but also chronic neuropathic pain. Allodynia, an abnormal sensation that evokes pain against non-noxious stimuli, is a major symptom of post-SCI neuropathic pain. Astrocytic activation is a cause of post-SCI neuropathic pain and is considered a key treatment target. However, no effective treatment for these problems is available to date. ONO-2506 is a novel agent that suppresses astrocytic activation by inhibition of S100B production from astrocytes. Recently, it has been demonstrated that ONO-2506 inhibits secondary injury and improves motor function after SCI.