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Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Mar 2019 - 22 Mar 2019

Animal Studies

2019 Oct

J Neurochem



Regulation of T-type Ca channel expression by interleukin-6 in sensory-like ND7/23 cells post herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) infection.


Herpes simplex virus-type 1 (HSV-1) infection of sensory neurons may lead to a significant reduction in the expression of voltage-activated Na and Ca channels, which can disrupt the transmission of pain information. Viral infection also results in the secretion of various pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6. In this work, we tested whether IL-6 regulates the expression of Na and Ca channels post HSV-1 infection in ND7/23 sensory-like neurons. Our results demonstrate that HSV-1 infection causes a significant decrease in the protein expression of the Cav3.2 T-type Ca channel subunit, despite increasing Cav3.2 mRNA synthesis. Neither Cav3.2 mRNA nor total protein content was affected by IL-6 treatment post HSV-1 infection. In ND7/23 cells, HSV-1 infection caused a significant reduction in the expression of Na and T-type Ca channels within 48 h. Exposure of ND7/23 cells to IL-6 for 24 h post infection reverses the effect of HSV-1, resulting in a significant increase in T-type Ca current density. However, Na currents were not restored by 24 h-treatment with IL-6 post HSV-1 infection of ND7/23 cells. The ability of IL-6 to increase the functional expression of T-type Ca channels on the membrane was blocked by inhibition of protein trafficking with brefeldin-A and ERK1/2 activation. These results indicate that IL-6 release following HSV-1 infection regulates the expression of T-type Ca channels, which may alter the transmission of pain information. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.