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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Mar 2019 - 15 Mar 2019

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2019 Jan-Dec

Mol Pain


Peripheral and central oxidative stress in chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain.


Shim H S, Bae C, Wang J, Lee K-H, Hankerd KM, Kim H K, Chung J M, La J-H
Mol Pain. 2019 Jan-Dec; 15:1744806919840098.
PMID: 30857460.


Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is an adverse side effect of many anti-cancer chemotherapeutic treatments. CIPN often causes neuropathic pain in extremities, and oxidative stress has been shown to be a major contributing factor to this pain. In this study, we determined the site of oxidative stress associated with pain (specifically, mechanical hypersensitivity) in cisplatin- and paclitaxel-treated mouse models of CIPN and investigated the neurophysiological mechanisms accounting for the pain. C57BL/6N mice that received either cisplatin or paclitaxel (2 mg/kg, once daily on 4 alternate days) developed mechanical hypersensitivity to von Frey filament stimulations of their hindpaws. Cisplatin-induced mechanical hypersensitivity was inhibited by silencing of Transient Receptor Potential channels V1 (TRPV1)- or TRPA1-expressing afferents, whereas paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity was attenuated by silencing of Afibers. While systemic delivery of phenyl N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN), a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, alleviated mechanical hypersensitivity in both cisplatin- and paclitaxel-treated mice, intraplantar PBN was effective only in cisplatin-treated mice, and intrathecal PBN, only in paclitaxel-treated mice. In a ROS-dependent manner, the mechanosensitivity of A/C fiber endings in the hindpaw skin was increased in cisplatin-treated mice, and the excitatory synaptic strength in the spinal dorsal horn was potentiated in paclitaxel-treated mice. Collectively, these results suggest that cisplatin-induced mechanical hypersensitivity is attributed to peripheral oxidative stress sensitizing mechanical nociceptors, whereas paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity is due to central (spinal) oxidative stress maintaining central sensitization that abnormally produces pain in response to Afiber inputs.