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Papers of the Week

2019 Feb 28

Sci Rep



Intra- and interrater reliabilities and a method comparison of 2D and 3D techniques in cadavers to determine sacroiliac screw loosening.


Pieroh P, Lenk M, Hohmann T, Grunert R, Wagner D, Josten C, Höch A, Böhme J
Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 28; 9(1):3141.
PMID: 30816290.


Sacroiliac (SI) screw loosening may indicate persistent instability, non-union and contribute to pain. Yet, there is no reliable objective measurement technique to detect and monitor SI screw loosening. In 9 cadaveric pelvises one of two SI screw was turned back approximately 20 mm and subsequently assessed by optical measurement, fluoroscopy and a 3D scan using an image intensifier. CTs were segmented and a contour-based registration of the 3D models and the fluoroscopies was performed to measure SI backing out (X-ray module). Three independent observers performed measurements with three repetitions. Deviation of the measurement techniques to the 3D scan, intra- and interrater reliabilities and method equivalence to the 3D scan were assessed. The X-ray module and two fluoroscopic measurement techniques yielded a difference less than 5 mm compared to the 3D scan and equivalence to the 3D scan. Intrarater reliability was for two observers and almost all techniques very good. Three fluoroscopic measurement techniques and optical measurements displayed a very good interrater reliability. The 3D scan and X-ray module yielded the most precise values for SI screw loosening but only the fluoroscopic measurement of the inlet lateral loosening displayed a good reliability and equivalence to the 3D scan.