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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Feb 2019 - 15 Feb 2019

Animal Studies

2019 Jun 01

Brain Res


Cerebral F-FDG metabolism alteration in a neuropathic pain model following brachial plexus avulsion: a PET/CT study in rats.


Shen J, Huo B-B, Hua X-Y, Zheng M-X, Lu Y-C, Wu J-J, Shan C-L, Xu J-G
Brain Res. 2019 Jun 01; 1712:132-138.
PMID: 30738025.


The present study aimed to investigate cerebral metabolic changes in a neuropathic pain model following deafferentation. A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were included for modeling of right brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) through the posterior approach. As nerve injury would cause central sensitization and facilitate pain sensitivity in other parts of the body, thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the intact forepaw was assessed to investigate the level of pain perception following BPA-induced neuropathic pain. [Fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) was applied to the brain before and after brachial plexus avulsion to explore metabolic changes in neuropathic pain following deafferentation. The TWL of the left (intact) forepaw was significantly lower after BPA than that of baseline (p<0.001). Using TWL as a covariate, standardized uptake values (SUVs) of F-FDG significantly increased in the ipsilateral dorsolateral thalamus and contralateral anterodorsal hippocampus after BPA. Conversely, SUVs in multiple brain regions decreased, including the contralateral somatosensory cortex, ipsilateral cingulate cortex, and ipsilateral temporal association cortex. The Pearson correlation analysis showed that the SUVs of the contralateral anterodorsal hippocampus and ipsilateral dorsolateral thalamus were negatively related to the TWL of the intact forepaw, whereas the SUVs in the contralateral somatosensory cortex and ipsilateral cingulate cortex were positively related to it (p<0.05). These findings indicate that upregulation of metabolism in the anterodorsal hippocampus and dorsolateral thalamus and downregulation metabolism in the contralateral somatosensory cortex and ipsilateral cingulate cortex could be a unique pattern of metabolic changes for neuropathic pain following brachial plexus avulsion.