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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Jan 2019 - 1 Feb 2019

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2019 May

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids



Prostaglandin D-glycerol ester decreases carrageenan-induced inflammation and hyperalgesia in mice.


Buisseret B, Guillemot-Legris O, Muccioli GG, Alhouayek M
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids. 2019 May; 1864(5):609-618.
PMID: 30684679.


Pain is one of the cardinal signs of inflammation and is present in many inflammatory conditions. Therefore, anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs also have analgesic properties. We previously showed that prostaglandin D-glycerol ester (PGD-G), endogenously produced by cyclooxygenase-2 from the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol, has anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo that are partly mediated by DP1 receptor activation. In this work, we investigated its effect in a model of carrageenan-induced inflammatory pain. PGD-G decreased hyperalgesia and edema, leading to a faster recovery. Moreover, PGD-G decreased carrageenan-induced inflammatory markers in the paw as well as inflammatory cell recruitment. The effects of PGD-G were independent from metabolite formation (PGD and 15d-PGJ-G) or DP1 receptor activation in this model. Indeed PGD delayed recovery from hyperalgesia while 15d-PGJ-G worsened the edema. However, while PGD-G decreased hyperalgesia in this model of inflammatory pain, it had no effect when tested in the capsaicin-induced pain model. While the targets mediating the effects of this bioactive lipid in inflammatory pain remain to be elucidated, our findings further support the interest of anti-inflammatory lipid mediators in the management of inflammatory pain.