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Papers: 29 Dec 2018 - 4 Jan 2019

2019 Apr 17

Neurosci Lett


Mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow attenuated the chronic morphine-induced cAMP accumulation in vitro.


Yang HN, Sun J, Chen H, Wang F, Li Y, Wang H, Tingyu Q
Neurosci Lett. 2019 Apr 17; 698:76-80.
PMID: 30605704.


Even though opioid tolerance is both a common and a major challenge in medicine, treatment with opioids is currently the primary method used to treat acute and chronic pain. The cAMP accumulation induced by chronic morphine is regarded as one of the molecular mechanisms leading to its tolerance and dependence characteristics. In the present study, we differentiated SH-SY5Y cells into neuron-like cells by retinoic acid (RA), pretreated these cells with morphine, and tested their cAMP levels under different conditions, including co-culture with bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow (hMSCs-BM) at various hMSCs-BM/SH-SY5Y ratios (1:5, 1:25, and 1:125), by direct cell-to-cell contact or without cell-to-cell contact, and by conditioned medium (CM) from hMSCs-BM. We found that chronic treatment with 10 μM morphine led to cAMP upregulation in those RA-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells while the morphine induced-cAMP accumulation was significantly attenuated by co-culturing with hMSCs-BM by direct cell-to-cell contact at a lower cell ratio (1:25) and a higher cell ratio (1:5). However, at neither the low or higher cell ratios could hMSCs-BM inhibit morphine-induced cAMP accumulation in RA-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells without cell-to-cell contact. In summary, hMSCs-BM can successfully inhibit morphine-induced cAMP up-regulation in RA-differentiated SH-SY5Y cells by cell-to-cell contact at a higher ratio, suggesting that hMSCs-BM may serve as valuable therapeutics to minimize the risk of drug abuse and addiction in the treatment of morphine tolerance and dependence.