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Original Research, Pharmacology/Drug Development, Psychology

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Patient, family members and community pharmacists’ views of a proposed overdose prevention intervention delivered in community pharmacies for patients prescribed high-strength opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: An explorative intervention development st

Despite opioid prescribing for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) having limited therapeutic benefits, recent evidence indicates significant increases in the prescribing of high-strength opioids for individuals with CNCP. Patients prescribed opioids for CNCP have overdose risk factors but generally have low opioid overdose awareness and low perceptions of risk related to prescribed opioids. Currently, there are few bespoke overdose prevention resources for this group.

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LncRNA-84277 is involved in chronic pain-related depressive behaviors through miR-128-3p/SIRT1 axis in central amygdala.

Long-term chronic pain can lead to depression. However, the mechanism underlying chronic pain-related depression remains unclear. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC). Our previous studies have demonstrated that SIRT1 in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is involved in the development of chronic pain-related depression. In addition, increasing studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a vital role in the pathogenesis of pain or depression. However, whether lncRNAs are involved in SIRT1-mediated chronic pain-related depression remains largely unknown. In this study, we identified that a novel lncRNA-84277 in CeA was the upstream molecule to regulate SIRT1 expression. Functionally, lncRNA-84277 overexpression in CeA significantly alleviated the depression-like behaviors in spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced chronic pain rats, whereas lncRNA-84277 knockdown in CeA induced the depression-like behaviors in naïve rats. Mechanically, lncRNA-84277 acted as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to upregulate SIRT1 expression by competitively sponging miR-128-3p, and therefore improved chronic pain-related depression-like behaviors. Our findings reveal the critical role of lncRNA-84277 in CeA specifically in guarding against chronic pain-related depression a ceRNA mechanism and provide a potential therapeutic target for chronic pain-related depression.

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