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Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate suppresses microglia polarization and neuroinflammation possibly via regulating miR-125b-5p/STAT3 axis to ameliorate neuropathic pain.

The spinal cord microglia play a pivotal role in neuroinflammation and neuropathic pain (NP). Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a derivative of tanshinone IIA, has anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperalgesic effects. However, […]

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Orexin neurons play contrasting roles in itch and pain neural processing via projecting to the periaqueductal gray.

Pain and itch are recognized as antagonistically regulated sensations; pain suppresses itch, whilst pain inhibition enhances itch. The neural mechanisms at the central nervous system (CNS) underlying these pain-itch interactions […]

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Drug in Therapeutic Polymer: Sinomenine-Loaded Oxidation-Responsive Polymeric Nanoparticles for Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease that frequently involves cartilage damage and the destruction of the bone structure, ultimately resulting in disability and long-term pain. It is […]

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Neuroimaging markers of Alice in Wonderland syndrome in patients with migraine with aura.

The Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) is a transient neurological disturbance characterized by sensory distortions most frequently associated with migraine in adults. Some lines of evidence suggest that AIWS and […]

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Filaggrin and Beyond: New Insights into the Skin Barrier in Atopic Dermatitis and Allergic Diseases, From Genetics to Therapeutic Perspectives.

Atopic dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide, affecting 20% of children and 5% of adults. One critical component in the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis is the epidermal […]

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Antihyperalgesic properties of gut microbiota: Parabacteroides distasonis as a new probiotic strategy to alleviate chronic abdominal pain.

The potential role of gut microbiota in pain modulation is arousing an emerging interest since recent years. This study investigated neuromodulatory properties of gut microbiota to identify next-generation probiotics to […]

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Sex differences in visceral sensitivity and brain activity in a rat model of comorbid pain: a longitudinal study.

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are 2 chronic overlapping pain conditions (COPCs) that present with significant comorbidity. Both conditions are more prevalent in women and are exacerbated […]

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Comparative retention and effectiveness of migraine preventive treatments: A nationwide registry-based cohort study.

Little is known about the comparative effects of migraine preventive drugs. We aimed to estimate treatment retention and effectiveness of migraine preventive drugs in a nationwide registry-based cohort study in […]

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Temperature-Sensitive Hydrogels as Carriers for Modulated Delivery of Acetaminophen.

The purposes of this study are the polymerization of temperature-sensitive copolymers based on N-isopropyl acrylamide and 10 mol % of 2-hydroxypropylmethacrylate, characterisations of their thermal, morphological and swelling properties, as […]

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Rab11a in the spinal cord: an essential contributor to complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain in mice.

Inflammatory pain is a commonly observed clinical symptom in a range of acute and chronic diseases. However, the mechanism of inflammatory pain is far from clear yet. Rab11a, a small […]

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