Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are characterized by numerous pain manifestations. Their treatment often involves the use of an oral splint. Recent research has found a relationship between migraines, nociceptive pain and TMDs. The aim of the present study was to perform a scoping review of studies in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the various types of oral splint in the treatment of migraine or nociceptive pain. Publications were retrieved from seven databases (PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, ProQuest, SpringerLink and Ovid). Out of the 15 included publications, three studies were before and after studies, with no control group, whereas the other twelve studies were clinical trials, among which two publications were crossover studies. A clear, single distinction of pain was difficult to describe. Therefore, numerous publications focused on a combination of various types of pains, including myofascial, temporomandibular joint, headaches and migraine-like symptoms, all of which mimicked TMD pain. Overall, six studies used the stabilization splint (SS), three explored the comparison between the SS and the nociceptive trigeminal inhibition splint (NTIS) and two the NTIS. The majority of publications reported a positive outcome of splint therapy. Regarding the type of oral splint usage, the most commonly used one was the SS, followed by the NTIS. The definition and assessment of pain were heterogenous in the identified articles. The findings of the current study showed that occlusal splints may help with pain management, and that effective treatment of TMD-related pain at an early stage can enhance the quality of life of patients.