The opioid epidemic in the US has led prescribers to reevaluate postoperative pain control particularly in the field of spine surgery, where postoperative analgesia requirements and consumption have historically been high. There is a need to mitigate the quantity of unused pills after surgery by adjusting prescribing practices. Achieving the balance of pain control after surgery without overprescribing opioids may be accomplished by developing a modified approach to prescribing practices; however, there is a need to first understand the opioid requirements of the modern spine surgery patient with respect to their elective spine surgery. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to determine the percentage of opioids not utilized at 90-days after elective spine surgery. Secondary aims were to identify differences in the percentage of unused opioids between surgical subgroups and preoperative opioid status, to determine factors associated with opioid utilization, and to estimate the distribution of opioids consumed to control pain up to the 90th percentile in each surgical subgroup.