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Palliative Care for the Older Person in Pain

Worldwide, the population over the age of 60 years will double by 2050 [11]. As people live longer, increasing numbers will live with and die from multi-morbidity, frailty, and chronic […]

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Chronic Pain as a Consequence of Torture: Assessment

Chronic pain, including neuropathic pain, has a high prevalence in torture survivors and a low rate of spontaneous resolution [9]. Prevalence is hard to establish, but estimates are around 80% […]

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Chronic Pain as a Consequence of Torture: Management

Torture is associated with a wide range of health-related consequences, among which persistent pain and pain-related disability are defining features [4,8,11]. When treating torture survivors, pain and its consequences need […]

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Pain in Cognitive Impairment, not Dementia-Related: Management

Individuals with intellectual disability often display pain in unusual ways. Subtle changes in behavior and appearance may be indicators of pain, as expressions of pain may be variable and idiosyncratic […]

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Pain in Individuals with an Intellectual Disability: Scope of the Problem and Assessment Challenges

Definition and prevalence of Intellectual Disability Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (e.g. reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior in a range […]

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Palliative Pain Care in Children and Adolescents

Palliative care for people of all ages, including children, was recognized in 2014 as an integral component of universal health coverage, with a need to increase access given the benefit […]

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Pain in Children: Management

Given the dependency of children upon adults with regard to pain assessment, prevention, and treatment, children 0-17 years are a vulnerable population and in need of special attention with regard […]

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Pain Assessment in the Most Vulnerable Children

Assessing pain is widely acknowledged across pediatric healthcare disciplines as an important means to guide diagnosis and to evaluate treatment strategies. Pain assessment involves a social communication wherein the child’s […]

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Pain Management in Dementia

Several diseases may lead to cognitive impairment, which will lead to progressive problems in daily living and communication and behavior, such as agitation, apathy or sleep disorders. It is this […]

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Pain Assessment in Dementia

Individuals with dementia are at particular risk of untreated pain because their ability to recognize, evaluate, and verbally communicate their pain gradually decreases across the course of dementia [3,4]. As […]

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