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Low Back Pain During Childhood and Adolescence

Recent years of research have uncovered important information about the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of children and adolescents with back pain. This fact sheet presents the state of the […]

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Pathophysiological Assessment of Non-Specific Back Pain

Please click on the link to the PDF file for access to this fact sheet.

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Neck Pain

THE EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM Neck pain is a global problem Neck pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions on a global scale [35]. Neck pain has been […]

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Environmental Contributors to Back Pain

Disruptions to sleep may make the experience of back pain worse.  Sleep is increasingly deemed to be an essential component to general health and wellbeing. Growing evidence also suggests that […]

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Neurobiological Mechanisms Contributing to Back Pain

There is no single pathophysiological mechanism for back pain. All of the mechanisms listed below have some empirical support for their role in the experience of back pain and have […]

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The Global Burden of Low Back Pain

Low back pain is a common global problem Global Burden of Disease studies have defined low back pain (LBP) as “pain in the area on the posterior aspect of the […]

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Prevention of Pain in Vulnerable Populations

The prevention of pain is a global public health concern, and a priority [1] because of the sheer numbers affected. The major cause of pain in all populations is trauma […]

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Prevention of Low Back Pain: The Importance of Intervention from an Early Age

Introduction Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a global problem, impacting individuals and societies. The lifetime prevalence of low back pain is reported to be as high as 84%, and […]

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Prevention of Chronic Post-Surgical Pain

Introduction Chronic pain occurring after a surgical procedure has received special attention since its first description by Macrae just more than 20 years ago [19]. Almost 40 million people undergo […]

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Using Drugs for Pain Prevention: Primary Prevention Across Areas

Introduction Chronic pain may occur after surgery, trauma, cancer treatment or infection.  In the majority of patients enduring chronic pain, a neuropathic or nociplastic component is present which increases pain […]

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