The aim of the study is to explore the relationship between the extrusion of the meniscus bearing and postoperative persistent pain of Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. Patients undertaking Oxford UKA from January 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Intraoperatively, the displacement and movement trajectory of the meniscus bearing was recorded by the specially designed gridding mold of the tibial component. The k-means clustering analysis was applied based on the incidence of postoperative persistent knee pain and the bearing extrusion distance. The intraoperative meniscus bearing movement trajectories were analyzed between the two groups and the patients' clinical outcomes and radiographic assessments. The k-means clustering analysis indicated that the extrusion of the bearing of 5 mm was the grouping standard. There were 27 patients with 30 knees in the extrusion group and 58 patients with 68 knees in the non-extrusion group. The proportion of optimal bearing movement trajectories in the extrusion group was significantly lower than that in the non-extrusion group ( < 0.05). Postoperative persistent knee pain occurred in six cases (6.1%), with four and two cases in the extrusion and non-extrusion groups, respectively. The incidence of postoperative persistent knee pain in the extrusion group was higher than that of the non-extrusion group ( < 0.05). Radiographic assessment showed that the continuity of the femoral and tibial components in the extrusion group was greater than that in the non-extrusion group ( < 0.05). However, there were no differences in pre- and postoperative HKAA, the varus/valgus degree of both femoral and tibial components, and the flexion/extension angles of the femoral component, and the tibial slope also showed no statistical difference ( > 0.05). For Oxford mobile-bearing UKA, the extrusion of meniscus bearing over 5 mm may increase the incidence of postoperative persistent knee pain, while the improvement of the bearing movement trajectory can effectively reduce this complication.