Patients with quiescent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) frequently suffer diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D)-like symptoms, such as abdominal pain or stool irregularities. Here, we assessed the effect of ramosetron, a serotonin type 3 (5-HT) receptor antagonist, on IBS-D-like symptoms in patients with quiescent IBD. Seventy patients with quiescent IBD, who met the Rome III diagnostic criteria for IBS-D, were randomly assigned to receive either ramosetron (5 μg; n = 35) or a placebo (n = 35) orally once daily for 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was the responder rate for global assessment of relief from overall IBS-D-like symptoms. The responder rates for relief of abdominal pain/discomfort and improvement of bowel habits were also evaluated. The responder rate for relief from overall IBS-D-like symptoms at the final evaluation point was significantly higher in the ramosetron group (35.5%) than in the placebo group (11.4%) ( = 0.037). The responder rate for improvement of bowel habits was significantly higher in the ramosetron group (38.7%) than in the placebo group (14.3%) ( = 0.028). The reduction of stool frequency was significantly greater in the ramosetron group than in the placebo group ( = 0.044). Ramosetron is effective for relief of overall IBS-D-like symptoms in patients with quiescent IBD.