Fabry disease is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder. It is associated with physical distress and social challenges that may affect adults differently compared to pediatric patients. However, there is no disease-specific quality of life (QOL) scale that can provide a detailed assessment of QOL for adults with Fabry disease. Therefore, we aimed to determine the factor structure and assess the validity of a scale that was created to assess the QOL of adult patients with Fabry disease. This study was conducted in two phases. First, scale feasibility was confirmed through a questionnaire survey of nine patients. Second, a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of patients (aged ≥ 18 years) diagnosed with Fabry disease was conducted. Item development and refinement were conducted based on guidelines for scale development. Exploratory factor analysis was used to clarify the factor structure and confirm internal consistency. As a measure of QOL, construct validity was of the scale was verified based on its correlations with the Short Form-8 (SF-8) scale.