The recognition of pain and the treatments used for it are vital for all practitioners. Many types of pain can be treated in a locoregional fashion, which has significant implications not just for any individual patient but for society as a whole. These treatments are most effective when performed in a minimally invasive, image-guided fashion. Interventional radiologists should play a central role in providing these lifestyle-limiting treatments. This article describes the medications most typically used for spinal and extra-axial treatments in the management of patients in pain.