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Timely topics in pain research and treatment have been selected for publication but the information provided and opinions expressed in IASP publications have not involved any verification of the findings, conclusions, and opinions by IASP. Thus, opinions expressed in any IASP publication do not necessarily reflect those of IASP or of the Officers or Councilors. No responsibility is assumed by IASP for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of product liability, negligence, or from any use of any methods, products, instruction, or ideas contained in the material herein. Because of the rapid advances in the medical sciences, the publisher recommends that there should be independent verification of diagnoses and drug dosages.