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Pharmacological Interventions for Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia: A Scoping Review of Preclinical Trials.

Opioid analgesics are the most effective pharmacological agents for moderate and severe pain. However, opioid use has several limitations such as opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH), which refers to the increased pain sensitivity that occurs once analgesia wears off after opioid administration. Several pharmacological interventions have been suggested for OIH, but the current literature does not provide guidelines on which interventions are the most effective and whether they differ depending on the opioid that induces hyperalgesia. This scoping review aimed to identify and describe all the preclinical trials investigating pharmacological interventions for OIH caused by remifentanil, fentanyl, or morphine as the first step towards evaluating whether the most effective OIH interventions are different for different opioids.

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Antidepressants for hip and knee osteoarthritis.

Although pain is common in osteoarthritis, most people fail to achieve adequate analgesia. Increasing acknowledgement of the contribution of pain sensitisation has resulted in the investigation of medications affecting pain processing with central effects. Antidepressants contribute to pain management in other conditions where pain sensitisation is present.

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The first report of the Italian Migraine Registry (I-GRAINE).

Italian Migraine Registry (I-GRAINE) is a multicenter (n = 38), prospective, observational, non-interventional study aimed at providing big data on migraine to ensure proper clinical disease management, according to scientific, and sustainability criteria. We enrolled consecutive patients affected by episodic or chronic migraine according to the systematic random method. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, migraine features, patient's journey, and healthcare resource use were gathered using face-to-face interviews.On the date of 31 December 2021, we enrolled 231 patients at 12 headache centers. Most of them were women (84.4%), with high migraine frequency (9.6 ± 6.9 days/month) and severe disability (MIDAS score: 43.0 ± 40.8; HIT-6 score: 60.4 ± 10.6). Only a minority of patients (38.1%) had previously visited a headache center.A clear-cut difference emerged in the proportion of responders to nonspecific acute treatments (43.5-66.7%) compared to triptans (76.3%) and in responders to unspecific prophylaxis (5.4-35%) compared to anti-CGRP monoclonal antibodies (69.2-78.6%). Most patients underwent ≥ 1 specialist visit (66.9%) or diagnostic investigation (77.4%) over the last 3 years-mostly subsidized by our national health system-inappropriate in 64.9% and 25% of the cases, respectively.The I-GRAINE registry is expected to provide a large and exponentially increasing collection of clinical, biological, and epidemiologic information and will contribute to moving migraine out of the shadow cone of marginalization, which has been often relegated up to now.

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Cancer pain during an epidemic and a pandemic.

As our global population ages, cancer has become more prevalent. Thankfully, oncologic treatments are highly effective, leading to significantly improved rates of long-term survival. However, many of these therapies are associated with persistent pain syndromes. Clinicians caring for people with cancer must understand how the influence of the current epidemic of opioid misuse and the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have complicated cancer pain management. Creative solutions can emerge from this knowledge.

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Use of Behavior Change Techniques alongside Exercise in the Management of Rotator Cuff-Related Shoulder Pain: A Scoping Review.

The aims of this scoping review were to (1) determine the frequency and types of behavior change techniques (BCTs) and education utilized in trials investigating exercise interventions for rotator cuff related shoulder pain (RCRSP); (2) subcategorize the BCTs and education found in the trials to summarize all behavior change approaches reported by trials; and (3) compare the frequency, types, and subcategories of BCTs and education utilized in the clinical guidelines for managing RCRSP between the trials.

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Exercise treatment effect modifiers in persistent low back pain: an individual participant data meta-analysis of 3514 participants from 27 randomised controlled trials.

Low back pain is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Exercise therapy is widely recommended to treat persistent non-specific low back pain. While evidence suggests exercise is, on average, moderately effective, there remains uncertainty about which individuals might benefit the most from exercise.

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Digital manikins to self-report pain on a smartphone: a systematic review of mobile apps.

Chronic pain is the leading cause of disability. Improving our understanding of pain occurrence and treatment effectiveness requires robust methods to measure pain at scale. Smartphone-based pain manikins are human-shaped figures to self-report location-specific aspects of pain on people's personal mobile devices.

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Quality of Chronic Pain Interventional Treatment guidelines from Pain Societies: Assessment with the AGREE II instrument.

Procedures to relieve pain are performed frequently but there are concerns about patient selection, appropriate image-guidance, frequency, and training for physicians. Patients, healthcare providers, policymakers, and licensing bodies seek evidence-based recommendations to use these interventions judiciously. In this review we appraised the methodological quality of recent clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for interventional pain procedures.

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Low back pain: critical assessment of various scales.

To study the various pain assessment tools based on their psychometric properties and ease of use.

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Not a Painless Condition: Rheumatological and Musculoskeletal Symptoms in Type 2 Diabetes, and the Implications for Exercise Participation.

People with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are more likely to develop a range of rheumatological and musculoskeletal symptoms (RMS), and experience both chronic and widespread pain, compared with the general population. However, these symptoms are not commonly acknowledged by researchers, which hampers our understanding of the impact on this population. Since exercise is a key lifestyle management strategy for T2D and participation levels are typically low, understanding the potential impact of RMS on exercise participation is critical. The aim of this review is to summarise the literature regarding the prevalence and pathophysiology of RMS in T2D, the evidence for the benefits and risks associated with exercise on RMS, and the currently available tools for the reporting of RMS in both research studies and community settings.

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